Tuesday, June 23, 2009

Date Palm Tree

The Date Palm or Phoenix Dactylifera, is a palm in the genus Phoenix, extensively cultivated for its edible sweet fruit. Due to its long history of cultivation for fruit, its exact native distribution is unknown, but probably originated somewhere in the desert oases of northern Africa and also southwest Asia (Middle East). It is a medium-sized tree at 15–25 m tall, often clumped with several trunks from a single root system, but often growing singly as well. The leaves are pinnate at 3–5 m long and with spines on the petiole (about 150 leaflets). the leaflets are 30 cm long and 2 cm broad. The full span of the crown ranges from 6–10 meters.

Dates have been a staple food of the Middle East for thousands of years. They are believed to have originated around the Persian Gulf and have been cultivated since ancient times from Mesopotamia to prehistoric egypt, possibly as early as 4000 B.C. There is archaeological evidence of date cultivation in eastern Arabia in 6000 B.C. (Alvarez-Mon 2006).

In later times, Arabs spread dates around South & South East Asia, northern Africa, and Spa and Italy which then were introduced into Mexico and California by the Spaniards by 1765. (Datas quoted from Wiki)

1 comment:

Leif Hagen said...

Ian - I'm glad to have discovered your blog this evening! Fun to look at your photos of Bahrain! Kind regards from EAGAN daily photo in Minnesota, USA
I visited Ubud, Bali in 1990!